American Winterberry - <em>Ilex verticillata</em> - Zone 3 -

American Winterberry - Ilex verticillata - Zone 3

The American Winterberry is very fond of damp soils. In addition to its colourful appearance this bush is an excellent option for shoreline rehabilitation. (Available only in autumn)

1-3 Feetsold-out$20.00$0.00

The Tree

Most of us are familiar with the spiny leaves and red berries of English Holly, ubiquitous as a decoration around Christmas. The American Winterberry is a similar looking plant from the same family. It is native to the eastern reaches of North America. These plants typically occur as shrubs reaching heights of up to 2 metres. They like humid and slightly acidic soils and plenty of sunlight but tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions. While it is the female plants that produce the red berries that add a touch of colour to what is often an otherwise bleak winter landscape, pollination by a nearby male plant is necessary for berry production. Any distance between 1 to 50 metres is enough for this pollination to occur and one male plant can pollinate between 4 to 10 females. Our plants are not identified male/female so we advise getting at least four so you are assured of having both genders.

Its Uses

Winterberry is an excellent choice for shoreline rehabilitation and erosion control. Florists often include the distinctive branches adorned with red berries in their arrangements once autumn comes around and the leaves have fallen. Native Americans used numerous parts of the plant to treat skin problems and fever.

Height at maturity2 metres (6 feet)
Spacing1 meter (3 feet)
Hardiness zone3
Sun / shadeFull sun / Partial shade
Average fruit weight
Fruit colorRed
Years to bear fruit
PollinationDioecious (separate male and female plants)
Latin nameIlex verticillata
Average diameter of fruit
Also known asWinterberry Holly