Eastern Hemlock - <em>Tsuga canadensis</em> - Zone 3b -

Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis - Zone 3b

Eastern hemlocks are a long-lived conifer native to all but the most southern regions of the United States and Canada east of Manitoba. They are arguably the most ornamental member of the pine family, useable as anything from a specimen tree to a hedge.

HeightAvailabilityPriceQuantitySubtotal
1-3 Feetsold-out$20.00$0.00
Total$0.00

The Tree

Eastern hemlocks are large slow-growing trees with a pyramidal growth habit and densely spaced branches that arch gently towards the ground. They can reach heights of over 30 m, spreads of around 10 m trunk diameters of 60 cm and lifespans over 300 years in ideal conditions, less in urban environments. The bark is red/brown to gray/brown smooth when young thickly rugged with a somewhat flaky consistency. Eastern hemlocks have the smallest needles and cones of all the members of the pine family. The flat needles are under 2 cm long and quite soft; green on top with a white underside. They are borne in single rows on opposite sides of the branch forming a flat spray. The cones are ovoid and mostly 2 or 3 cm in length. These trees are extremely shade tolerant and can tolerate growing in full shade. They will do best in partial shade and in colder northern regions in full sun. They like moist, well-drained, acidic soil and will struggle in very dry conditions. Very windy conditions can also be a problem.

Its Uses

One of the most attractive members of the pine family, eastern hemlocks are versatile landscaping trees. Their graceful form is tailormade for use as a specimen tree adds year-round beauty to any landscape. Well-trimmed they make excellent hedges by virtue of their dense growth and their shade tolerance ensures consistent vigorous growth right down to the ground. They lack significant tolerance to urban conditions and will grow smaller under such circumstances. The needles can be used to make tea with high vitamin C content. The bark is high in tannins and was widely used in tanning hides.

CharacteristicValue
Height at maturity30 metres (100 feet)
Spacing6 metres (20 feet)
Hardiness zone3b
Soilmoist, well drained, acidic
Sun / shadePartial shade/Full shade
Floweringn/a
Harvestn/a
Average fruit weightn/a
Fruit colorn/a
Years to bear fruitn/a
Pollination
Latin nameTsuga canadensis
Average diameter of fruitn/a
Also known as