Hawthorn - <em>Crataegus sp.</em> - Zone 1 -

Hawthorn - Crataegus sp. - Zone 1

The Hawthorn is a thorny shrub or small tree that produces small red fruit and makes great deer proof hedges. Their fruit have a very long history of medicinal use and are a particular favourite of birds.

1-3 Feetsold-out$20.00$0.00

The Tree

Hawthorns are a slow growing species of deciduous plant native to north eastern North America. Their potential planting range extends significantly farther encompassing the majority of the continent. The genus includes a wide variety of species with different growth ranges, our selection comes from those hardy to the surrounding area in Quebec.  They can reach heights of 8 metres with crowns spreading about as wide. Trunks can attain diameters up to 30 cm. As the tree ages, smooth dark grey bark gives way to a dark brown and significantly furrowed appearance. Branches are adorned with strong sharp thorns 6-7 cm in length and leaves are dark glossy green and provide a showy, multi coloured display in autumn. Hawthorns feature small white flowers in late spring and little red fruit in the fall, fruit often persisting through the winter. They are extremely adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions but will reach their full growth potential in rich well drained locations. They can survive in partial shade but prefer very sunny locations where they will yield maximum fruit harvests. In the wild, Hawthorns are mostly found on the edges of forests, along road sides or forming dense thickets in open areas.

Its Uses

Hawthorns are great for ornamental planting thanks to their attractive white flowers, striking red fruit and colourful fall leaves. Their bark and the overall appearance are also very pleasing to the eye. Another popular landscaping use for these dense and thorny plants is as a deer proof hedge. They are particularly suited for urban and suburban plantings as they display an impressive resistance to salt and air pollution, while generally not growing tall enough to interfere with overhead wires. Their environmental versatility and relatively expansive root systems make them a good choice for erosion control. The leaves and fruit are both comestible. Leaves provide a flavourful addition to any fresh salad. The fruit, while quite acidic, can be eaten raw, used in pies and preserves or dried for later use. The use of the fruit goes well beyond eating though as they have a wide range of medicinal applications, most notably they, along with the flowers, are an extremely effective heart tonic for weak hearts and high blood pressure. These fruit are a favourite of birds, if you like birds this is the tree for you.

Height at maturity8 metres (25 feet)
Spacing8 metres (25 feet)
Hardiness zone1
SoilAdaptable, preferably well drained.
Sun / shadeSun, partial shade
FloweringLate May
HarvestEarly October
Average fruit weight
Fruit colorRed
Years to bear fruit
Latin nameCrataegus sp.
Average diameter of fruit
Also known asCrataegus sp.