Sugar Maple - <em>Acer saccharum</em> - Zone 3 -

Sugar Maple - Acer saccharum - Zone 3

The Sugar Maple is Canada’s national tree. Its leaf is featured on the nation’s flag and the sap of this tree is the source of maple syrup.

1-3 Feetsold-out$15.00$0.00
10x 1-3 Feetsold-out$120.00$0.00
100x 1-3 Feetsold-out$900.00$0.00
3-5 Feetsold-out$16.00$0.00

The Tree

These large, slow-growing hardwoods are native to the eastern regions of North America where they are a major component of our deciduous forests. Potential planting range extends all the way across the country and as far north as zone 4a. In fact they grow best and reach maximum size in cooler northern climates.  Sugar Maples can reach heights of up to 35 metres, and easily achieve diameters over 1m at maturity. They feature dense canopies that can spread up to 24 metres. Bark is dark gray and smooth in young trees, becoming more of a dark brown with deep furrows that peel up from one side. They grow well on a wide variety of soils, but they will do best in deep, rich, and moist but well-drained soils. One of the most shade tolerant of the North American hardwoods these trees can survive for long periods below the canopy of forests while waiting their turn for release. Average lifespan exceeds 200 years with some specimens reaching 300 even 400 years.

Its Uses

Sugar Maples are best known for their role in the production of maple syrup. Their sap has twice the sugar content of other Maple species. Nonetheless it takes 40 litres of sap to give about 1 litre of syrup. They are also a popular ornamental tree thanks to both the dense and elegant canopies that also make them one of the better shade trees, and their spectacular autumn foliage ranging from brilliant orange to bright red, and yellow in the southern parts of their range. One thing that should be considered is that Sugar Maples are quite susceptible to salt and should not be planted in close proximity to roads. Their wood is the best of all maple wood and is highly prized for its strength and shock resistance as well as the beauty of its grain. It is commonly used for making furniture, flooring, veneer, and all sorts of personal and novelty items as well as being one of the most desired woods for baseball bats. Additionally it makes excellent firewood by virtue of its density.

Height at maturity25 metres (90 feet)
Spacing9 metres (30 feet)
Hardiness zone3
Sun / shadeFull sun (shade tolerant)
Average fruit weightn/a
Fruit colorn/a
Years to bear fruitn/a
Latin nameAcer saccharum
Average diameter of fruitn/a
Also known asHard Maple, Rock Maple