Japanese Quince - Chaenomeles japonica - Zone 3
Beautiful primarily ornamental shrub that also gives extremely aromatic fruit that can be processed to make delicious preserves and jellies.
Japanese quince is a low-spreading deciduous shrub originating from eastern Asia. It is valued primarily for its ornamental characteristics. It grows at a medium rate and can typically live around 40 years. The shrub exhibits a low and densely tangled-looking form with glossy dark green leaves and small thorns. Reasonable size expectations are about 3ft tall and a 4 ft spread. It produces stunning red flowers in late spring and vibrant yellow fruit that exude a captivating fragrance. Grows best in moist, well-drained soil and full sun but is not picky, persisting in most all soil and light conditions while showing a tolerance to air pollution.
Japanese quince fruit are not suitable for raw eating but make excellent preserves and jellies and can add a pleasant tangy, citrusy touch to dishes when grated on top or stewed to impart their flavours to other ingredients. These spiky plants also make a great barrier and their spreading root system has potential in erosion control.
|Height at maturity||90 cm (3 feet)|
|Spacing||1 metre (3.2 feet)|
|Soil||adaptable (best in moist, well-drained soil)|
|Sun / shade||full sun\\partial shade|
|Average fruit weight|
|Years to bear fruit|
|Latin name||Chaenomeles japonica|
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|Also known as|